Defense officials said the pact was long overdue because of deep defense and strategic cooperation between the two countries. The Russian agreement gives India access to its Facilities in the Arctic, which foresees an increase in global activity, due to the opening of new shipping routes and available resources, said a third official. “Over the past few years, the Indian Navy conducted a multi-mission operation with 12-15 IN warships operating independently in the Indo-Pacific to monitor critical asphyxiation points along the Indian Ocean, ensure traffic safety, improve maritime awareness, provide humanitarian and disaster relief, combat unconventional and unconventional security threats, and a host of other functions. It is not possible for each ship to be accompanied by a logistic support vessel – the availability of logistical and maintenance assistance in welcoming ports is therefore essential for these operations to be successful,” says Commodore Singh. The ARLS with Russia is expected to be signed at the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in September on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia. Last month, a delegation led by Secretary of State Jiwesh Nandan visited Russia to conclude the agreement, according to the Defense Ministry in its monthly report. Moscow had sent a draft agreement early last year, and the MoD sent it in July to the Integrated Defence Staff and the three services for their positions. The two sides are talking about electric propulsion for the aircraft carrier and exploring ways to support the Make in India initiative. Amid tensions with India and China, which are developing along the effective line of control (LAC), India is ready to conclude a logistical support agreement with Russia next month, and is in talks with the UK and Vietnam on similar agreements. “Warships usually have to fill their fuel every two days; Lack of access to ports can therefore be a serious operational restriction,” say the experts. Logistics agreements are administrative arrangements that facilitate access to military fuel exchange facilities and arrangements for mutual agreement when the Indian army operates abroad.